Midsummer Nights Dream Hernia Essay Format

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A Midsummer Night’s Dream Essay

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“A Midsummer Night’s Dream” Essay “A Midsummer Night’s Dream”, one of Shakespeare’s most beloved comedies, is generally thought of as a comical romance. A very important factor that makes the whole play a comedy, is magic, which is used to affect the lives of four Athenians: Hermia, Lysander, Helena and Demetrius. Bottom, also a simple human, falls victim of the fairies’ mischievous magic. The magic reaches these characters by Puck, a naughty fairy, and Oberon, the king of fairies. Puck decides to cast a spell on Bottom, making him grow a donkey head, and Oberon decides to cast a spell on Titania, making her fall in love with Bottom.

From a simple mistaken spell, a rollercoaster of emotions, conflicts and laughter emerge. Magic is a vital element in “A Midsummer Night’s Dream” because it gives the four Athenians a new life after the two men get cast a spell on, and Titania, falling in love with an ass head. Magic also causes the lovers to find that love is no smooth enterprise as stated by Lysander; “The course of true love never did run smooth. ” (1-1 ll. 134). Their pursuit of love may not run smooth but most, although not all, of the lovers end up happy.

Hermia and Lysander find that they cannot be together so they elope to the woods where they then become victims of Puck and Helena cannot seem to make Demetrius love her until Puck’s interference, and then she does not believe it. The four Athenians are divided into two main groups: Helena and Demetrius and Lysander and Hermia. Helena is always running after some one to love because she wants to be loved and appreciated, risking to be taken advantage of, because she would do anything to be loved especially by Demetrius.

Demetrius is one of the men that gets cast this magical love spell on, and that makes him behave in a strange way after the potion starts having an effect on him. When Demetrius opens his eyes, the first person he sees is Helena, which meant that he now loved Helena with all his heart. Demetrius shows no love for Helena before the spell is cast. Demetrius says, “I’ll run from thee, and hide me in the brakes, And leave thee to the mercy of wild beasts. ” (2-1 ll. 227-228). “Do I entice you? Do I speak you fair? Or rather do I not in plainest truth Tell you I do not, nor I cannot love you? (2-1 ll. 199-201) Demetrius clearly illustrates to Helena that he has no interest, but Helena persists. Helena says, “And even for that do I love you the more. I am your spaniel and, Demetrius, the more you beat me, I will fawn on you. ” (2-1 ll. 202-204). “Your virtue is my privilege. For that It is not night when I do see your face, Therefore I think I am not in the night;” (2-1 ll. 220-222). This proves that Helena is a fool because Demetrius doesn’t love her, but she still continues in her pursue of love with him.

After he potion gets put on his eyes, it starts having an immense effect on his behavior and perspective towards Helena, so much that he actually starts telling her how much he loves her, how beautiful she is and that he needs her. Helena responds to this behavior badly by crying and scolding him because she has always been made fun of by Demetrius, and now she thinks that he is teasing her even more by telling her that he truly loves her and needs her. Helena thinks that Demetrius does all this so that she gets very angry at him and stops loving him.

At this point in the play the sweet, pathetic Helena has no residue of love left in her heart to love Demetrius. Writing about forced love, there is also another target that gets given a funny donkey head, Bottom, who then is forced to love Titania, even though he really doesn’t like her at all. Bottom, then starts liking Titania after she tells her servants to bring him, or do whatever he says, and Bottom wouldn’t mind having everyone at his feet and possibly become the new king of the fairies, if their “relationship” continued.

The theme of magic is also portrayed through another couple: Lysander and Hermia. These two lovebirds have always been in love with each other, so much that they decided to elope one day and get married in the woods without anyone knowing. Lysander had a strong love for Hermia, but a love potion was accidentally placed on his eyes causing him to fall in love with Helena and started having a strong dislike towards Hermia. Hermia and Lysander’s relationship represents true love.

The course of their love doesn’t run smooth, as stated by Lysander “The course of true love never did run smooth. ” (1-1 ll. 134). One of the reasons for this situation was Hermia’s father, Egeus. By law Egeus has power over her and what he wants for is daughter is what must happen. Hermia and Lysander’s determination brings the two through, again supporting true love as strong. Egeus and the Athenian Law are both obstacles that result in their relationship not running smoothly.

True love is mutual, and their decision to elope is also a mutual decision, this seems rash and could imply their love to be passionate. However, their decision to reveal their plan to Helena was foolish and illogical; this shows Hermia and Lysander’s love to be young, fun and secretive, though they are excited and both cannot wait to share their secret with their closest friend. Yet this action just proves to result in yet another obstacle, also their youth, perhaps their immaturity and their lack of thinking things through.

Despite the obstructions that face the couple, their love succeeds in the end to show true love is strong and cannot be ignored and prevails with determination. After having been under the effect of Puck’s spell, Lysander finds Helena and also starts professing his love to her, and telling her how much she needs her. Helena, seeing that there are two men in front of her that keep on swearing their love to her, bursts into tears and feels that she is becoming a mockery to everyone only because she doesn’t have anyone to love and appreciate her.

Helena becomes very angry and says “Can you not hate me, as I know you do, but you must join in souls to mock me too? If you were men, as men you are in show, you would not use a gentle lady so; to vow, and swear, and super praise my parts, when I am sure you hate me with your hearts. You both are rivals and love Hermia, and now both rivals to mock Helena. ” (3-2 ll. 149-156). Helena expresses her feelings with the two men and scolds them by telling them that it is not right to tease a person in such manner, when they already know that they are not wanted or loved by anyone.

Hermia awakes thinking that Lysander would be right next to her, but he wasn’t, he was professing his love to Helena, in company of Demetrius. Hermia then finds him and hears all the nice, sweet and sensitive things that he is telling Helena and is surprised because she thought that she was the only person in the whole world that he loved. An outburst of fighting between Lysander and Demetrius and Hermia and Helena begin.

After all the discussions, problems and bad tempers that Puck and Oberon saw they caused, they both decided to annul the magic spell without the humans knowing that all of this was going on, and that everything happened by a simple mistake. Hermia and Lysander get married and neither of the two remember what had happened, it was as if the whole spell never got cast on them. Helena and Demetrius go back to their normal lives, both also not remembering what had occurred. A falling victim of her own talent is Titania, the queen of the fairies.

Oberon, her husband and king of the fairies, decides to put the magic love potion on her eyes so that she too could fall in love with the first person she saw when she awakened. The reason why Oberon decides to pull this trick on Titania is because she had adopted her cleaner’s son, that had passed away, and the cleaner asked her if she could take care of her son as if he were her own. Oberon wants that child so badly because he wants him to become a soldier and teach him about hunting and raise it as if it were his son.

Puck decides to cast a funny and mischievous spell on poor Bottom, that had nothing to do with what was going on. Puck gave Bottom a donkey head, with nice long furry ears and a nice shade of soft grayish fur to complete his new look. When Titania awoke from her sleep the first person she sees is Bottom, causing her to fall in love with him rapidly. Bottom doesn’t really like Titania, but she insists that he stay and starts caressing his long ears and says “ (3-1 ll. 144) Thou art as wise as thou art beautiful. Puck and Oberon have fun watching a full grown woman fall hostage of this trickery and, once they think that she has had enough, they annul the love spell on Titania and Puck’s spell on Bottom’s head. The annulment of the spells causes both Titania and Bottom to have no remembrance of what had happened, which shows the strength of the potion Bottom was so confused, but at the same time amused of some small things that he remembered had happened, that he decided to make up a song about it. “A Midsummer Night’s Dream” ends with several happy (if magically-induced) weddings and an introduction to new a life for everyone.

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In the end, we don’t know if the newlyweds are experiencing the beauty of matrimonial bliss or if the discord that has been bubbling up throughout the play has unsettled them. Titania goes back to her normal life and continues on ruling the magical fairy world in company of her husband Oberon, and she also remembers nothing of what had happened. Puck shuts the audience out by saying “… So, good night unto you all. Give me your hands, if we be friends, and Robin shall restore amends. ” (5-1 ll. 424-426)

Author: Brandon Johnson

in A Midsummer Night's Dream

A Midsummer Night’s Dream Essay

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A Midsummer Night's Dream takes place in Athens. Theseus, the Duke of Athens, is planning his marriage with Hippolyta, and as a result he is a planning a large festival. Egeus enters, followed by his daughter Hermia, her beloved Lysander, and her suitor Demetrius. Egeus tells Theseus that Hermia refuses to marry Demetrius, wanting instead to marry Lysander. He asks for the right to punish Hermia with death if she refuses to obey.

Theseus agrees that Hermia's duty is to obey her father, and threatens her with either entering a nunnery or marrying the man her father chooses. Lysander protests, but is overruled by the law. He and Hermia than decide to flee by night into the woods surrounding Athens, where they can escape the law and get married. They tell their plan to Helena, a girl who is madly in love with Demetrius. Hoping to gain favor with Demetrius, Helena decides to tell him about the plan.

Some local artisans and workmen have decided to perform a play for Theseus as a way to celebrate his wedding. They choose Pyramus and Thisbe for their play, and meet to assign the roles. Nick Bottom gets the role of Pyramus, and Flute takes the part of Thisbe. They agree to meet the next night in the woods to rehearse the play.

Robin Goodfellow, a puck, meets a fairy who serves Queen Titania. He tells the fairy that his King Oberon is in the woods, and that Titania should avoid Oberon because they will quarrel again. However, Titania and Oberon soon arrive and begin arguing about a young boy Titania has stolen and is caring for. Oberon demands that she give him the boy, but she refuses.

Oberon decides to play a trick on Titania and put some pansy juice on her eyes. The magical juice will make her fall in love with first person she sees upon waking up. Soon after Puck is sent away to fetch the juice, Oberon overhears Demetrius and Helena in the woods.

Demetrius deserts Helena in the forest, leaving her alone. Oberon decides that he will change this situation, and commands Robin to put the juice onto Demetrius's eyes when he is sleeping. He then finds Titania and drops the juice onto her eyelids. Robin goes to find Demetrius, but instead comes across Lysander and accidentally uses the juice on him.

By accident Helena comes across Lysander and wakes him up. He immediately falls in love with her and starts to chase her through the woods. Together they arrive where Oberon is watching, and he realizes the mistake. Oberon then puts the pansy juice onto Demetrius's eyelids, who upon waking up also falls in love with Helena. She thinks that the two men are trying to torment her for being in love with Demetrius, and becomes furious at their protestations of love.

The workmen arrive in the woods and start to practice their play. They constantly ruin the lines of the play and mispronounce the words. Out of fear of censorship, they decide to make the play less realistic. Therefore the lion is supposed to announce that he is not a lion, but only a common man. Bottom also feels obliged to tell the audience that he is not really going to die, but will only pretend to do so. Puck, watching this silly scene, catches Bottom alone and puts an asses head on him. When Bottom returns to his troupe, they run away out of fear. Bottom then comes across Titania, and succeeds in waking her up. She falls in love with him due to the juice on her eyes, and takes him with her.

Lysander and Demetrius prepare to fight one another for Helena. Puck intervenes and leads them through the woods in circles until they collapse onto the ground in exhaustion. He then brings the two women to same area and puts them to sleep as well.

Oberon finds Titania and releases her from the spell. He then tells the audience that Bottom will think is all a dream when he wakes up. He further releases Lysander from the spell. Theseus arrives with a hunting party and finds the lovers stretched out on the ground. He orders the hunting horns blown in order to wake them up.

The lovers explain why they are in the woods, at which point Egeus demands that he be allowed to exercise the law on Hermia. However, Demetrius intervenes and tells them that he no longer loves Hermia, but rather only loves Helena. Theseus decides to overbear Egeus and let the lovers get married that day with him. Together they return to Athens.

Bottom wakes up and thinks that he has dreamed the entire episode. He swiftly returns to Athens where he meets his friends. Together they head over to Theseus's palace. Theseus looks over the list of possible entertainment for that evening and settles on the play of Pyramus and Thisbe. Bottom and the rest of his company perform the play, after which everyone retires to bed.

Puck arrives and starts to sweep the house clean. Oberon and Titania briefly bless the couples and their future children. After they leave Puck asks the audience to forgive the actors is they were offended. He then tells the audience that if anyone disliked the play, they should imagine that it was only a dream.

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